Tenses

Simple present and present progressive
Simple Present Tense
subject + auxiliary verb + main verb

There are three important exceptions:
1. For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary.
2. For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add s to the main verb or es to the auxiliary.
3. For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even for questions and negatives.

PRESENT PROGRESSIVE TENSE
Indicates continuing action, something going on now. This tense is formed with the helping "to be" verb, in the present tense, plus the present participle of the verb (with an -ing ending): "I am buying all my family's Christmas gifts early this year. She is working through the holiday break. Dierdre is being a really good girl in these days before Christmas".
The present progressive can suggest that an action is going to happen in the future, especially with verbs that convey the idea of a plan or of movement from one place or condition to another: "The team is arriving in two hours. He's moving to Portland this summer." Because the present progressive can suggest either the present or the future, it is usually modified by adverbs of time.

Exercises :
1. Something smells (smell) very good
2. We are eating (eat) dinner at seven o’clock tonight
3. He practices (practice) the piano everyday
4. They are driving (drive) to school tomorrow
5. I believes (believe) you
6. Maria has (have) a cold
7. Jorge is swimming (swim) right now
8. John hates (hate) smoke
9. Jill always gets (get) up at 6.00 AM
10. Jerry is mowing (mow) the lawn now

Simple past and past progressive
Simple Past Tense
The simple past tense is used to talk about actions that happened at a specific time in the past. You state when it happened using a time adverb.
You form the simple past of a verb by adding -ed onto the end of a regular verb but, irregular verb forms have to be learned
PAST PROGRESSIVE TENSE
Indicates continuing action, something that was happening, going on, at some point in the past. This tense is formed with the helping "to be" verb, in the past tense, plus the present participle of the verb (with an -ing ending).
Exercises:
1. Gene was eating (eat) dinner when his friend called
2. While Maria was cleaning the apartment, her husband was sleeping (sleep)
3. At there o’clock this morning, Eleanor was studying (study)
4. When Mark arrived, the Johnson’s were having (have) dinner, but they stopped in order to talk to him.
5. John went (go) to France last year
6. When the teacher entered (enter) the room, the students were talking
7. While Joan was writing the report, Henry was looking (look) for more information
8. We saw (see) this movie last night
9. Jose was writing (write) a letter to his family when his pencils broke(break)

Present perfect and past tense
Present Perfect
We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. You CANNOT use the Present Perfect with specific time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived in Japan, at that moment, that day, one day, etc. We CAN use the Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet, etc.
Past tense
past tense is a verb tense expressing action, activity, state or being in the past of the current moment (in an absolute tense system), or prior to some other event, whether that is past, present, or future (in a relative tense system).

Exercises :
1. John wrote (write) his report last night.
2. Bob has seen (see) this movie before
3. Jorge has read (read) the newspaper already
4. Mr. Johnson has worked (work) in the same place for thirty five years, and he is not planning to retire yet
5. We haven’t began (begin/negative) to study for the last yet
6. George went (go) to the store at ten o’clock this morning
7. Jean has travel (travel) around the world
8. Betty wrote (write) a letter last night
9. Guillermo called (call) his employee yesterday
10. We haven’t seen (see/negative) this movie yet

link Universitas Gunadarma :
http://www.gunadarma.ac.id/
1 Response
  1. Lidia Yulita Says:

    gimana klo contoh2 dari masing2 tensesY d perbanyak,,biar lebih keliatan perbedaan tiap tenses...

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